Kerala Social Security Mission


Mahila Mandiram


Mahila Mandiram is one of the oldest non-profit social organizations in Kerala, India. The main location is in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala. It was founded in 1920 in connection with the sixtieth birthday celebrations of His Highness Sreemoolam Tirunal, the then Maharaja of Travancore. The founder Smt. K. Chinnamma was an inspectress of schools who pioneered social work among the women of the State. Aware of the problems faced by girl children, she visualized an institution to contribute to their welfare and progress and toiled for many years to canvas public support and collect money necessary to realize her dreams. Land was gifted by the Maharaja and buildings put up through public donations.

During the 90 years of its existence, it has brought relief and succor to hundreds of hapless girls and women of South India especially Kerala. It also has one of the oldest educational institutions. Mahila Mandiram is an autonomous, non-political, non-profit and secular organization.

Observation Home

Observation home is a short-stay home for juveniles in conflict with law. They are the custodial children and their inquiry conducts by the Juvenile Justice Board under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act & amendment 2000/2006. The Observation Home is run by the Prayas Institute of Juvenile Justice under the MOU signed with the Department of Women & Child Development, G.N.C.T. Delhi. The home provides non- formal education and vocational trainings to Juveniles with regular counseling to overcome their trauma. This Home is the first of its kind in the country a model of transformation from a Children’s jail to child friendly Home. It functions under the guidance of the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) constituted under the Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act, 2000 Govt. of India.

Children's Home


The first and foremost is a home for destitute girls between the ages of 3 and 21. Many are orphans, many others have one parent alive, but he/she is not in a position to care for the child due to financial problems or social evils. They are brought to the home either by relatives, the police or some other agency. At a time we take care of 110-120 girls. All of them go to school or to some vocational training centre. The diet is totally vegetarian. They are provided clothes to wear at home and uniforms to school. They sleep in dormitories with common bathrooms and toilets. They offer prayers in the prayer hall twice a day and do yoga in the morning.

TAfter school, they are directed to the academic stream or skill development centers according to their merit and choice. Our aim is to equip them to lead a self reliant life in the society. A few of them find employment in the institution itself, while some others are helped to find jobsin government and private agencies. Many others have been married to eligible young men who have approached the institution now and then.

Taking into account the importance of computer literacy as a requirement for all jobs and educational programs, we introduce children of the home to the PC as an instrument for furthering knowledge and skill, and developing a sense of exploration through the internet. At present, we have 7 PCs (Pentiums) being used is the school computer lab and 1 in the library.

Old Age Home


With a house and land donated by a generous lady, we now have a care center for the aged, 35 kilometres from Trivandrum at Azhoor. in Chirayinkizhu Taluk. At present there are 14 residents.

They are all destitute women who do not have any one to care for them. Some of them are childless widows some others are rendered destitute due to neglect of their near relatives. The center is looked after by a group of ladies of the locality, who have come forward as voluntary workers. There are two care givers and a cook who look after their daily needs. We also support four other elderly poor women who live in their homes independently by supplying a packet containing grains and some necessary items . Medical care is given by the local government hospital as and when needed. A doctor and a paramedic visit the center and monitor the general health status of the residents once a month. The center is mainly funded by public donations. The government also gives a small grant for recurring expenses.

In the next phase of this project we plan to build a two-storied building as a Multi care Center for The Aged, which will include day-care activities as well as outreach programs. The present facilities have to be improved in order to provide a more comfortable atmosphere for the residents and to admit at least ten more residents.

During the 90 years of its existence, it has brought relief and succor to hundreds of hapless girls and women of South India especially Kerala. It also has one of the oldest educational institutions. Mahila Mandiram is an autonomous, non-political, non-profit and secular organization.

Shortstay Home

The need for providing short stay homes for women and girls in difficulties in increasingly being realised. The changing pattern of life, the rapid urbanisation and industrialisation and the resulting migration from rural to urban areas, the spread of education among women and the resulting problems of adjustment for the first generation literates, the rising cost of living and the need for women members of the family to make an independent earning, creates problems which many of the women and girls do not find themselves adequately equipped to face.

The break-up of social institutions like the joint family contributes considerably in creating problems of adjustment for women and young girls. Cases of marital conflict and emotional disturbance occur. They require help and guidance to regain confidence in themselves to meet the situation and to require skills to become self-reliant and to develop relationships with people that could help in the re-establishment of their status in society. For meeting the situation, institutional services where counselling and guidance, medical and psychiatric check-up and treatment, facilities of development of skills and relationships are provide could prove useful. The effort has to be to help the women to rehabilitate themselves within a short period of time. In this line of thinking, short stay homes were established a decade ago through voluntary organisations. An evaluative study was conducted recently to assess the impact of Institutional programmes on residents and discharged residents. It appears from the Study that the scheme has considerably helped the girls and women facing crisis in their lives.

Rescue Home

The Department maintains a Rescue Home at Kerala. Woman who are rescued by the Police and those facing trial in the Court of law are given shelter during the trial period. They are provided with free Shelter, Food, Clothing, Medical Care and also Vocational Training. The Home has a capacity of 30 inmates. One Home is functioning in Hyderabad. Women who are rescued by the Police and are facing trial in the Court are given shelter during the trial period. They are provided Shelter, Food, Clothing, Medical and Training in skill Development.

Asha Bhavan

The very concept of an old age home is new to India. An old age home is usually the place, a home for those old people who have no one to look after them or those who have been thrown out of their homes by their children. The place is of course like home where the inmates get all the facilities for a routine living, like food, clothing, and shelter. All these necessities are well looked after but, the much-needed love, and care of loved ones is of course sadly missing; for, how can outsiders provide solace? In these homes, it is very interesting and even touching to talk to people whether they are men or women. At least in India till now, the old people staying away from the home, from their children, or left to themselves is not considered to be a very happy situation. This concept of separating the elders from the youngsters has been imported into India from the West.

After Care Homes

AfterCare is a program that offers life-long support, encouragement and resources to former residents of Mercy Home and their families. The program’s dedicated care managers work with each AfterCare member on a “passion plan,” which is designed to break down large life goals into smaller, tangible steps that clearly illustrate each young person’s progress. Our AfterCare team takes pride in its strengths-based approach, which leverages its members’ skills and abilities in order to help them set their own goals and determine their own needs. In short, we do not direct our members’ futures—but rather, we help them chart their own paths. In fact, former residents who participate in the program are called members to underscore the personal ownership that each has over his or her own destiny.

Physically Handicapped

Rehabilitation of people who are physically challenged is another priority of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (External website that opens in a new window). Special care is provided to them through District Disability Rehabilitation Centres (External website that opens in a new window), institutes and NGO's. People with physical disabilities include the visually impaired, hearing impaired and amputees.

Disabled people need different types of rehabilitation depending on the extent of their injury. Patients are evaluated by a team of specialists and are counselled along with their families. Rehabilitation involves processes to help patients live a decent standard of life with their handicap. Rehabilitation for the blind involves learning the sighted guide technique, the use of the white cane, reading and writing the Braille language and performing household chores without sight. They are taught vocational skills in fields where blindness is not a handicap like candle making and other crafts. Some may be provided visual aids. People who have lost a limb due to a disease or accident receive reconstructive surgery. Later on they may be provided with an artificial leg like a Jaipur foot, a calliper or crutches.

They are then taught how to walk with new aid they receive and are given vocational training to help them get a job. Deaf and Mute people may be recommended surgery or fitted with a hearing aid or ear mould depending on their unique condition. Those who haven't learnt to speak as yet (children below five) are given speech therapy that includes learning the sign language, lip reading and other pointers. Depending on their situation, a few disabled people may also be prescribed medications and surgery of different types. The rehabilitation process in all cases involves follow up treatment where the patient is rechecked at periodic intervals.